Plaster Cast: Tabula Ansata, Votive Ansate Tablet


Thumbnail of Plaster Cast: Tabula Ansata, Votive Ansate Tablet (1900.12.0090)

Detailed Images

Basic Information

Artifact Identification Plaster Cast: Tabula Ansata, Votive Ansate Tablet   (1900.12.0090)
  1. Communication Artifacts
  2. :
  3. Documentary Artifacts
  4. :
  5. Declaratory Documents
Artist/Maker Emile Gillieron & Fils, Athens.
Geographic Location
Period/Date Early Roman Empire, 1st century BCE to 1st century CE
Culture Roman

Physical Analysis

Dimension 1 (Length) 36.3 cm
Dimension 2 (Width) 35.8 cm
Dimension 3 (Depth) 3.9 cm
Weight 4333 g
Measuring Remarks Depth = Thickness
Materials Plaster
Manufacturing Processes Cast
Munsell Color Information White (2.5Y 8/2) -ns

Research Remarks

Published Description

Square plaque in bas-relief depicting two ears framed by a sort of portal, below which Latin inscription appears: "CVIIVS HAS AVRIS GAIIVS TIBI VOVERAT OIM PHOEBI GENAEI POSVIT SANVS AB AVRICVIS"


Marble relief of two human ears in the upper corners of the field reflecting their position on the sides of the head. There are two trapezoidal handles on each side of the ears.
Text: Latin inscription in the field below the handles, with the average height of the letters: 2.2 cm.
(with IM as a ligature with raised I joined to the left stroke of M)
Cutius has auris Gallus tibi voverat olim
Phoebigena, et posuit sanus ab auriculis.
Translation: Cutius Gallus once vowed these ears to you,
offspring of Phoebus, [now] being healthy as regards [his] ears.
In the 1st century BCE/CE Gallus may be either his name or his place of origin, Gaul. The latter is more likely if he were a freedman but his original owner’s name might still have had the cognomen “Gallus.” Some scholars have associated Cutius with a Gallic praefectus of royal blood, Cottius or Cutius, but most reject this as fanciful, thinking that the Epidaurian priests would not have missed the opportunity to mention the status of Cutius/Cottius if this connection was thought to exist in order to enhance the importance of this miraculous healing and publicize it further. The “offspring of Phoebus” was Asklepios, the god of healing and medicine, the son of Apollo.


An votive inscription in Greek of 2nd to 3rd CE from the same sanctuary mentioning the word ear, IG IV2 1, 474 and Versnel, 1981, 122, no. 14.1.


CIL III, Sup. 1, 1311, no. 7266 = Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, vol. III, Northern and Eastern Provinces of the Empire (including Greece), Supplement 1, 1311, no. 7266. IG IV2 1, 440 = Inscriptiones Graecae vol. IV part 1, Inscriptiones Epidauri, (1929) no. 440. ILS II, 1, 3853 = Dessau, Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae, vol. II, part 1, no. 3853. Weinreich, 1912 = AthMitt 37, 63ff = MDAI(A) 37, 63ff. = Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts, Athenische Abteilung. v.37 (1912) p.63f. Versnel, H. S. 1981. Faith Hope and Worship. Aspects of Religious Mentality in the Ancient World. Studies in Greek and Roman Religion 2. Leiden: Brill. 122, no. 14.2. Available on Google Hollander, Eugen. Plastik und Medizin. Stuttgart, Verlag von Ferdinand Enke, 1912. p. 216, Fig. 125.

Artifact History

Archaeological Data

Found near the remains of the Temple of Asklepios in his sanctuary at Epidauros, Greece.

Credit Line/Dedication Classical Museum Purchase
Reproduction yes
Reproduction Information Original in the Athens National Archaeological Museum no. 1428.

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