Coin: Stater, Thebes
|Artifact Identification||Coin: Stater, Thebes (1900.63.0523)|
|Period/Date||Classical Greek, 426-387 BCE|
|Culture||Theban, Ancient Greek|
|Dimension 1 (Diameter)||2.18 cm|
|Dimension 2 (Depth)||0.51 cm|
|Dimension 3 (N/A)||N/A|
|Munsell Color Information||waived|
This Greek coin is a silver Stater from Thebes in the Boeotia region of southern Greece. It was struck in the late 5th to early 4th century BCE. The obverse contains a Boeotian shield. This shield is used on all coins stuck in Boeotia and may refer to the worship of Athena Itonia, Greek goddess of wisdom, war, and peace. It could also refer to Ares, Greek god of war. The hero Cadmus the Phoenician came to the area and slew the dragon guarding the fountain of Ares. Here he sowed its teeth to raise a race of warriors. The city was first called Cadmea after him, but the name was later changed to Thebes after the nymph Thebe. The reverse is a profile of a bearded Dionysus, Greek god of grapes and therefore wine.
David R. Sear: Roman Coins and their Values, Vol. I, London, 2000, Cat. No. 2383.
Sear, David R. Roman Coins and their Values, Vol. I. London: Seaby, 2000.