|Artifact Identification||Oil Lamp (1944.03.0065)|
|Period/Date||Roman Empire - Byzantine Empire|
|Culture||Roman or Byzantine|
|Dimension 1 (Length)||8.2 cm|
|Dimension 2 (Width)||6.7 cm|
|Dimension 3 (Depth)||4.0 cm|
|Munsell Color Information||Grayish Yellow (2.5Y 7/4) -Main odor. Black (N 2/ 3.1% R) -Black area. Dark Grayish Yellow (2.5Y 6/4) -Bottom.|
"A small, buff-colored ovoid lamp, this piece belongs to a large group indigenous to Egypt known as "frog" lamps. The reservoir has deep, rounded sides, and a nozzle fully merged with the body. The base is flat, and marked with a palm motif. A molded band forms the discus around the filling hole. The small wick hole at the narrow end of the nozzle is set off by a single curved incised line. The upper surface of the lamp is decorated with a naturalistic-looking frog modeled in low relief. The anatomical details are articulated with incised lines and prick marks. Lamps such as this example were popular over a long period of time in Egypt. Production began as early as the second century, or earlier, and continued throughout the Early Christian period (Shier, 1978, pp. 24-30). Comparable lamps are illustrated in Shier, 1978, p. 102, no. 246, pl. 29; Menzel. pp. 88-89, ns. 584-86; Holscher, p. 68, fig. 88a, pl. 40, no. 7; Dalton, 1901, p. 150, pl. XXXII, no. 819. For the significance of the frog motif, see p. 10." -Eunice Dauterman Maguire, Henry Maguire and Maggie J. Duncan-Flowers, Art and Holy Powers in the Early Christian House (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989), 75.
Maguire, Eunice Dauterman, Henry Maguire and Maggie J. Duncan-Flowers. Art and Holy Powers in the Early Christian House. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989.
|Credit Line/Dedication||Courtesy of Mrs. J. J. Parry|