Brass Rubbing: Andrew Evyngar, Elyn and children


Photo of Brass Rubbing: Andrew Evyngar, Elyn and children

Detailed Images

Basic Information

Artifact Identification Brass Rubbing: Andrew Evyngar, Elyn and children   (1997.05.0023)
Communication Artifacts : Documentary Artifacts : Graphic Documents
Artist/Maker None
Geographic Location Europe, West, United Kingdom, Great Britain, London, All Hallows (Barking)
Period/Date 1533 CE
Culture N/A

Physical Analysis

Dimension 1 (Width) 106.7 cm
Dimension 2 (Height) 76.2 cm
Dimension 3 (Depth) 4.1 cm
Weight 5700 g
Measuring Remarks Measuring/Weighing inexact.
Materials Plant--Wood, Paper, Glass, Wax
Manufacturing Processes Rubbing
Munsell Color Information waived

Research Remarks

Published Description

From Horowitz. 2002. This brass was engraved in Flanders and is therefore called a Flemish brass. The rectangular brass is highly diapered, with rich ornamentation covering the entire area. The family is standing on checkered pavement under arches supported by columns. At the junction of the arches is an engraving of Our Lady in Piety (Pieta), a subject made immortal by Michelangelo during the same period. Andrew is seen as an elderly merchant, clean-shaven with long curly hair. He wears a short under-gown, fur-lined overcoat, close-fitting hose and large, round-towed shoes. Elyn wears a plain hood and close-fitting gown with fur cuffs. Her girdle is richly ornamented and fastened in front; a rosary hangs from it. Their one son is beside his father, and the six daughters stand next to their mother. These girls wear oddly shaped hoods. Unlike most brasses that have children at the feet of their parents, here the offspring stand before their parents. The scrolls from the couple's mouths have Latin inscriptions, translated "O Son of God have mercy on me" and "O Mother of God remember me." The precatory phrases have been defaced but were originally "Of your charity pray for the souls" and "[wife] on whose soul Jesus have mercy. Amen." Both Andrew and Elyn wear wedding bands. Andrew was the son of John Evyngar, a brewer of London who was a native of Brabant and died in 1496. The son became a citizen and salter of London and a member of the Merchant Adventurers, a trading company. The badge of this company is represented on Andrew's right (dexter) side; the left (sinister) side has the arms of the Salters Company, although the chevron was incorrectly engraved upside down. Between the couple is Andrew's merchant mark. Evyngar died in 1533, leaving his wife a beer-house at Charing Cross, London, along with three buildings.

Description N/A
Comparanda N/A

Horowitz, Mark R. The Monumental Brasses of England: The Horrowitz Collection. Morton Grove, IL: Portcullis Productions, 1980 (1979). p. 31-32. Horowitz, Mark R. The Monumental Brasses of England. The Horowitz Collection. New Edition, 2002. p.40-41.

Artifact History

Archaeological Data N/A
Credit Line/Dedication The Horowitz Collection
Reproduction Yes
Reproduction Information N/A

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